Should the State be required to provide for the support of an adequate and efficient system of free public
Initiative Measure #42 would protect each child’s fundamental right to educational opportunity through the 12th
grade by amending Section 201 of the Mississippi Constitution to require that the State must provide and
the legislature must fund an adequate and efficient system of free public schools. This initiative would also
authorize the chancery courts of this State to enforce this section with appropriate injunctive relief.
FISCAL ANALYSIS: Prepared by the Mississippi Legislative Budget Office
Because this proposed amendment shifts funding decisions from the Legislature to the court system, it is impossible to provide a specific fiscal impact of Initiative 42. If the court system, acting under the new authority granted by Initiative 42, required K-12 Public Education be funded at the amount called for by the statutory Mississippi Adequate Education Program, the Legislature would need to appropriate an additional $201,031,129 above the Fiscal Year 2016 budgeted amount. Fiscal Year 2016 revenues are not adequate to support this funding increase without the Legislature having to cut agency budgets or identify new sources of revenue (such as fees or tax increase) to comply with the court’s dictate.
(February 28, 2014)
Luther T. Munford
801 Gillespie Street
Jackson, MS 39202
Summary: The amendment will protect each child’s fundamental right to educational opportunity
through the 12th grade by amending Section 201 so that the state must provide and the legislature must
fund an adequate and efficient system of free public schools. The recommendation is to finance this not by
new taxes but by using a portion of future increases in general fund revenues over the next seven years in
order to reach the necessary level of funding.
Section 201: Educational opportunity for public school children
To protect each child’s fundamental right to educational opportunity, the State shall provide for the
establishment, maintenance and support of an adequate and efficient system of free public schools. The
chancery courts of this State shall have the power to enforce this section with appropriate injunctive relief.
Amount and Source of Revenue Required to Implement the Initiative:
For purposes of the initiative, a minimum standard of contemporary adequate education is described by
the funding formula of the current version of the Mississippi Adequate Education Program and an efficient
education is one that will, among other things, enable Mississippi’s public school graduates to compete
favorably with their counterparts in surrounding states.
Funding the initiative will not require a reduction in, elimination of, or reallocation of funding from
any currently funded programs. The initiative will be funded by maintaining current funding levels for
public education through the 12th grade adjusted for inflation, and then devoting to public education
not less than 25% of future increases in general fund and other tax collections in order to achieve the
constitutionally required level of adequacy and efficiency in the public educational system by a target
date of Fiscal Year 2022 and maintain it in the future. For example, the state’s general fund revenues are
projected to increase over Fiscal Year 2014 levels by approximately 3% annually, which will produce an
additional $150 million in Fiscal Year 2015. Twenty-five percent of that would be $37.5 million. A similar
amount for seven years would reach the additional $265 million a year in current dollars which will be
needed to provide Mississippi’s public school students with an education that is adequate and efficient
by contemporary standards. This initiative is not intended to restrict or meaningfully reduce the overall
percentage of general fund revenues devoted to public schools, which at present is approximately 40% If
enforcement is necessary, injunctive relief will be the preferred remedy